Join us   Log in  

THE JOURNAL OF SCHOOL AND UNIVERSITY MEDICINE - Volume 10, Issue 4, october-december 2023

Pages: 5-8
Print Article   Download XML  Download PDF


Author: Raluca Nistor , Aida Nistor

Category: Medical


Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder with an increasing prevalence. It comprises an entire spectrum of characteristics with two core manifestations: a defi cit în social communication and the presence of repetitive behaviours and interests. The primary medical care personnel has an important role in the identifi cation of children with suggestive signs and their redirectioning towards specialized services and also in the long term management of their overall health. Having in mind the new directives regarding inclusive education in Romania, we have summarized some clinical characteristics and some possible interventions and recommendations regarding the interaction with autistic persons in order to be used not only by the personnel of the school medical offi ces but by all interested professionals.

Keywords: autism, child, interaction, school medicine

DOI: 10.51546/JSUM.2023.10401



1. Sanchack K, Thomas C. Autism Spectrum Disorder: Primary Care Principles. Am Fam Physician. 2016;94(12):972-979

2. Choo Y, Agarwal P, How C, Yeleswarapu S. Developmental delay: identifi cation and management at primary care level. Singapore Med J. 2019;60(3):119-123

3. Doherty M, Haydon C, Davidson I. Recognising autism în healthcare. Br J Hosp Med. 2021;82(12):1-7

4. Davico C, Marcotulli D, Cudia VF, Arletti L, Ghiggia A, Svevi B, Faraoni C, Amianto F, Ricci F, Vitiello B. Emotional Dysregulation and Adaptive Functioning in Preschoolers With Autism Spectrum Disorder or Other Neurodevelopmental Disorders. Front Psychiatry. 2022;13:846146

5. Hume K, Steinbrenner JR, Odom SL, Morin LK, Nowell SW, Tomaszewski B, Szendrey S, McIntyre NS, Yucesoy-Ozkan S, Savage MN. Evidence-Based Practices for Children, Youth, and Young Adults with Autism: Third Generation Review. J Autism Dev Disord. 2021;51:4013–4032

6. Thapar A, Rutter M. Genetic Advances in Autism. J of Autism and Developmental Disorders. 2021;51:4321-4332

7. Haydon C, Doherty M, Davidson IA. Autism: making reasonable adjustments in healthcare. Br J Hosp Med. 2021;82(12):1-11

8. Hyman SL, Levy SE, Myers SM. AAP Council on Children with Disabilities; section on developmental and behavioral pediatrics. Identifi cation, Evaluation, and Management of Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder. Pediatrics. 2020;145(1):e20193447

9. World Health Organization. International Classifi cation of Diseases, Tenth Edition. Geneva: WHO 2010

10. American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition. Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Association 2013

11. Williams LN, Wieckowski AT, Dieckhaus MFS, Dai YG, Zhang F, Dumont-Mathieu T, Barton M, Fein D, Robins DL. Primary Care Clinician and Child Characteristics Impacting Autism Surveillance. Brain Sci. 2023;13(1):18

12. de Giambattista C, Ventura P, Trerotoli P, Margari M, Palumbi R, Margari L. Subtyping the Autism Spectrum Disorder: Comparison of Children with High Functioning Autism and Asperger Syndrome. J Autism Dev Disord. 2019;49:138–150

13. Genovese A, Butler MG. The Autism Spectrum: Behavioral, Psychiatric and Genetic Associations. Genes. 2023;14:677

14. Gary Steinman, Chapter One - The putative etiology and prevention of autism, Editor(s): Mirolyuba Ilieva, Way Kwok-Wai Lau, Progress in Molecular Biology and Translational Science. Academic Press. 2020;173:1-34

15. Fuentes J, Bakare M, Munir K, Aguayo P, Gaddour N, Öner Ö. Autism spectrum disorder. In Rey JM (ed), IACAPAP e-Textbook of Child and Adolescent Mental Health. Geneva: International Association for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Allied Professions 2014