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THE JOURNAL OF SCHOOL AND UNIVERSITY MEDICINE - Volume 8 issue 4, October-December 2021

Pages: 34-39
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Author: Corina Demian

Category: Medical


In Europe, the European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA) collects data in the field in order to offer a general perspective on the issue. Objective and comparable information regarding drugs, addictions and their consequences is offered and independent scientific analyses can be run to support the decisions made at European and national levels. In order to do so, EMCDDA relies on a network of national centres. The data are then transcribed in the European Report on drugs, and other documents. The data on the use of tobacco, alcohol and other drugs by youths are also collected within the ESPAD project or other studies. Among the many existing data, the article selects a few regarding the prevalence of the use of drugs in Europe and in Romania (the prevalence of lifelong use, use in the past year and in the past month). A few recent data are presented on the use of cannabis (the most commonly-used drug in Europe, with an increasingly high level of THC), on the use of new psycho-active substances, tobacco and alcohol, and other potentially addictive activities. We also present data on the admissions to treatment and emergencies associated with use, during 2017-2019. Finally, we mention a few tendencies and correlations resulted from the studies: the early onset of the smoker, friends who use, the perception that most friends use, certain parental styles and a low social economic statute – these are all significant predictors for the use of tobacco, alcohol or other drugs.

Keywords: drugs, prevalence, treatment, emergencies, correlations

DOI: 10.51546/JSUM.2021.8403



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